An Evaluation of the Knowledge and Perception of the Concept of Human Rights by Residents of Selected Suburban Communities of Lagos, Nigeria

Abstract

Although the theme of human rights has gained prominence in diverse discourses across Nigeria, there are many questions to be answered with respect to the knowledge of the human rights by people who are illiterate and poor in the country. This study evaluates the knowledge of human rights concepts by residents of selected suburban communities of Lagos state (a majority of whom are illiterate and poor). The results indicate that awareness of the term human rights was more frequently found among more highly educated respondents and those who work in the occupational category of entrepreneurs. Furthermore, large percentages of the sample reported experiencing marginalization due to poverty and lack of education. However, large percentages also reported that they made attempts to resist oppression and believed that the government should work to protect people from human rights abuses. This study argues that stakeholders in the human rights sector should adopt the approach of a massive sensitization campaign using native languages, to promote human rights concepts in the country. In addition, it emphasizes that the government should actively include in their social agenda, grassroots programmes aimed at informing people of their rights, especially those who are poor and/or illiterate. Continue reading 

ERADICATION OF POVERTY: A KEY FACTOR IN ACHIEVING SOCIAL JUSTICE

‘Like slavery and apartheid, poverty is not natural. It is man-made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings.’

-Nelson Mandela (2005)

 

INTRODUCTION

Social justice has remained a relevant topic of discourse on several fronts. Although, it is a matter of global concern, it appears to generate more interest in developing countries where justice is largely considered deficient due to inequality and poverty.Poverty has been identified as both a cause and a consequence of social injustice, as it deprives individuals of the necessities of a good life. Hence a need for its eradication, in order to liberate humanity and set the world on course to a better future.

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POLITICALLY EXPOSED PERSONS: ISSUES AND MATTERS ARISING

AUTHOR: YEKU IBRAHIM E-mail: yekuduke@yahoo.com

The term politically exposed persons (PEPs) originated in the Swiss banking community and has been relevant within this sphere for several decades due to the high profile of many Swiss banking clients. The famous case of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos “Steel Butterfly and the Dictator” and millions in illicit funds hid in Swiss bank accounts highlighted the need for enhanced client due diligence and ongoing transactional screening when dealing with senior politicians, their associates and families as clients. In Nigeria, the concept may be new in the sphere of public discuss and lexicon. However, the case of the late former governor of Bayelsa State, Diepreye Solomon Peter Alamieyeseigha, a UK associated PEPs with approximately 18 financial vehicles and other legal entities who pleaded guilty to six counts of corruption during July 2007 and was convicted of six counts of fraud and false declaration of assets brought to the fore the inherent exposure to domestic PEPs risk. Continue reading “POLITICALLY EXPOSED PERSONS: ISSUES AND MATTERS ARISING”

WHY AFRICA IS STILL POOR

Rethinking OFID Development Cooperation As a Vehicle For Socio-Economic Transformation In Africa

CNRJ-INTERNATIONAL SPECIAL EDITION ON DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

I once paid a courtesy visit to a friend Abdullahi Balarabe, living in the same street with former Nigeria Vice President, Arc. Namadi Sambo in Kaduna State, Nigeria. While waiting in the cab, the security guard went inside the apartment to give him a call; to keep myself busy, I picked up my Blackberry iPad and login into my Email account to see whether I have something new. I saw an awe-inspiring letter with the title “DEMANDING”. The letter reads:

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WHO WILL DELIVER NIGERIA?

ARTICLE BY OLUWASEUN OLANREWAJU, (September 2014)

When Nigeria gained independence in 1960, the nation was in a jubilant mood after years of subjugation by the British colonial masters. For many, colonialism was an albatross to the Nation’s growth and development. To them, there was no way Nigeria could develop if she remained dominated by the colonial masters who were interested in Nigeria for selfish reasons. Hence, the only way Nigeria could attain the height of development and earn respect from the international community was to be independent and sovereign. Sovereignty meant Nigeria will be managed and governed by Nigerians.A Nigeria being ruled by Nigerians meant the end to oppression, discrimination, exploitation and inequality that obtained in Nigeria prior to independence. Continue reading “WHO WILL DELIVER NIGERIA?”

THE ARREST OF SITTING JUDGES BY LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENTS AND ITS IMPACT ON JUDICIAL INDEPENDENCE IN NIGERIA

THE ARREST OF SITTING JUDGES BY LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENTS AND ITS IMPACT ON JUDICIAL INDEPENDENCE IN NIGERIA 1.0 INTRODUCTION It is trite that the independence of the judiciary is a sine qua non for effective administration of justice. This presupposes that the judiciary and its machinery should be free from the control of other arms of government and any form of pressure that can hamper fair dispensation of justice. Though, judicial independence is desirable, judicial accountability must also be ensured as it is said that absolute power corrupts absolutely. In a bid to ensure judicial accountability, several sitting judges were arrested, detained and interrogated by the agents of State Security Service (SSS) and Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) in Nigeria recently. Continue reading “THE ARREST OF SITTING JUDGES BY LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENTS AND ITS IMPACT ON JUDICIAL INDEPENDENCE IN NIGERIA”

POST-2015 SDGs AND ECONOMIC RECESSION IN NIGERIA

With Nigerian economy under recession, a significant decline in domestic finance and private investment will frustrate the actualization and implementation of Post-2015 SDGs projects within the nation. Standing on the shoulders of Neo-liberalism, Nigeria needs to rectify those policy pitfalls that led to the recession otherwise SDGs aid will be what the United Nations’ distinguished macroeconomist, Professor Jeffery Sachs called, “money down the drain”. The aim of the paper is to figure out: (1) How did Nigeria get into the recession trap? (2) How important and strategic is the SDGs to Africa political economy: A development studies of the Nigerian state? (3) Way forward, Conclusion and Recommendation.

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POLITICAL CAMPAIGN FUNDING AND THE LOOMING TSUNAMI OF POVERTY IN NIGERIA

BY

AKIN OYEBODE

Introduction

It might sound somewhat banal but we need to be reminded of the observation of Marx that elections in class societies merely afford the masses once every four or five years the opportunity of selecting their executioners! Admittedly, contestants for political power especially in transitional societies and peripheral economies such as Nigeria are wont to indulge in the belief that they are operating on a level playing field where the most able or competent contestant would carry the day, the harsh lesson of history is that this is hardly the case since the shibboleth of free and fair elections is a mere camouflage for a process that looks more like a bazaar or casino where those with larger wallets and access to the necessities of life are more likely to carry the day as against those with superior ideas, better manifestos, and more interesting weltanschauung but lean pockets and material resources are wherewithal. Continue reading 

THE POWER OF INFRASTRUCTURE

By Saidu Enagi, Asap West Africa Youth Ambassador

How the Post-2015 Architecture of Development Assistance (ODA) will Shape the Future of African Economy’’ x-rays the importance of infrastructural development in sustaining economic growth.

The well-researched work published by SPECULUM UNIVERSALIS examines the post-2015 agenda of Donor Agencies and their implications on economic development in Africa. Whilst emphasising the importance of foreign aid to developing countries, the research reveals the challenges confronting Donor Agencies within the African context. As a way forward, it recommends the need for stakeholders in the development sector to re-evaluate their strategies with the view to initiating sustainable development and eradicating poverty in Africa. Continue reading 

THE PRACTICE OF PLEA BARGAINING AND ITS EFFECT ON THE ANTICORRUPTION CRUSADE IN NIGERIA

BY

YEKINI ABUBAKRI OLAKULEHIN

Nigeria is a country with enormous natural resources. It is the wish of our creator that we should live in abundance and not in abject poverty. This is why one of the scriptural books had declared thus:

And indeed, we have honoured the children of Adam, and we have carried them on land and sea, and we provided them with lawful good things, and have preferred them above many of those whom we have created with a marked preferment. 1

The above excerpt is just the natural order. The world we live in is just one of the worlds. The world of the animals has never been faced with the shortage of means of sustenance. Hence, our present conundrum is a product of our machinations. The brain behind our present predicament is the evil corruption which has eaten deep into the fabrics of our society. Corruption is every where2 . It is clearly and visibly written in the air. We are all victims of one corrupt practice or the other. Corruption is not peculiar to Africa. It is common to all governments and countries of the world. Its effects are more visible here simply because, the rate at which it is operated is beyond imagination and the enforcement machinery has been compromised especially recently with the increasing instances of plea bargaining introduced into its prosecution. This work will analyze the incidence the incidence of corruption in Nigeria, the havoc it has caused on the society and the attempts made by government at curbing it. The insurgence of plea bargaining in our criminal justice system will be considered and its effect on the anti-corruption crusade MEANING OF CORRUPTION The term corruption has evaded an all encompassing definition. The reason is not far fetched. The term has no static or fixed meaning. It develops with time. Some definitions offered in yesteryears do not match-up with series of modern day practices. As time develops and human affairs and governance become more sophisticated so also man continues to device means to cut corners and enrich himself at the expense of the public good. Continue reading “THE PRACTICE OF PLEA BARGAINING AND ITS EFFECT ON THE ANTICORRUPTION CRUSADE IN NIGERIA”